A heap block is a value that is guaranteed to live on the OCaml heap, and is hence guaranteed to be usable with finalization or in a weak pointer. It is an abstract type so we can use the type system to guarantee that the values we put in weak pointers and use with finalizers are heap blocks.
Some examples of values that are not heap-allocated are integers, constant constructors, booleans, the empty array, the empty list, the unit value. The exact list of what is heap-allocated or not is implementation-dependent. Some constant values can be heap-allocated but never deallocated during the lifetime of the program, for example a list of integer constants; this is also implementation-dependent. You should also be aware that compiler optimizations may duplicate some immutable values, for example floating-point numbers when stored into arrays; thus they can be finalized and collected while another copy is still in use by the program.
create v returns
Some t if
v is a heap block, where
t is physically equal
bytes t returns the number of bytes on the heap taken by heap block
the header. This is just the space for the single block, not anything it points